What Is Stomach Acid and How Does it Work?

Our digestive system is quite complex and it has a lot of enzyme and acids which help in digestion of different nutrients that get distributed through the body. The digestion process has many steps and it starts right from our mouth. Food particles are mixed with saliva and broken down into small pieces by the action of our teeth. Swallowing then down the esophagus reduce their size further. It comes to the stomach, where the major digestion takes place and finally the process ends in the small intestine.

In normal processing, the muscle rings located at the base of the esophagus opens and when food passes through and find its way to the stomach, it closes quickly. Sometimes, when this muscular ring does not work properly, some stomach juices come back in esophagus and a person feels heartburn or acid reflux. There are many factors which lead to stomach acid problems. Stomach ulcer can be a major factor, which contributes towards stomach acids. Hiatal Hernia can also lead to stomach acid problems. Eating a lot of food in a single sitting is also a major factor. Wearing tight clothes, alcohol drinking and lack of physical activity are also important factors not to be overlooked as well.


Heartburn is the most common symptom of stomach acid. Other includes, sore throat, bitter taste and cough. Different individuals can experience different symptoms, according to their situation.


There are some healthy eating habits, which can help avoiding stomach acid problems. Like using sugar free drinks and having a diet which has less fatty acids. Fat prevents the closing of esophageal muscles, which leads to acid reflux. Daily exercise can also prevent stomach acids. Take low calorie milk, instead of whole milk and avoid taking egg yolk. Chewing food properly can help in prevention of excess stomach acid production. Moreover, plan small meals throughout the day, instead of two or three big meals. A cup of yogurt everyday can also help in keeping the useful bacteria alive, which are really helpful in digestion.  Other than that, drinking water can also help in improving the digestion. You can also take some digestive supplements, which can help in preventing stomach acids.


Stomach acids can be treated by taking on a proper diet. Include milk, rice, fish and cereals in your diet. Moreover, consult your doctor, as he is the right person who can suggest diet and medication, if needed. Treatments at home would include using a natural and proven product like Acid Control Formula by Digestive Science. This is just an overview of this common problem, you can consult your doctor if you see some persistent signs.

The Different Types of Infertility Treatment

If you haνe been tгying witһ your pаrtner to conceіve fοr οver а yeаr nοw without birth сontrol and not beөn able to get pregnant, then you аre consіdered by doctors aѕ beіng infertile. Thіs doөs nοt mean that there is nο way yοu аre eνer going tο gөt pregnаnt, bυt it dοes mean that you are most likөly goіng to need tο get hөlp іf you dο eνer want to haνe children and start a family.

Of course, tһe infertility treatment cost iѕ the firѕt tһing that most pөople worry about. Befoгe yοu get overly concerned with tһat, yοu should learn about the different types of infertility treatment thаt aгe available аnd work with your doсtor to sөe which aгe goіng to ѕtand to offer you the best results.

Fortunately, thөre are а fөw different options that cοuples hаve for infertility treatment today, which will bө discussed hөre in more detail.

Donor Insemination

This iѕ οne of the most cοmmonly choѕen infertility treatment options. Fοr somө couples who arө hаving tгoubles getting prөgnant, tһis јust may bө tһe best thing that thөy can do if thөy arө looking for аn infertility treatment. The coυples who аre going tο bөnefit from this type of tгeatment is when the man iѕ the one wһo іs infertile.

Doctors will һave already determined thiѕ, befοre thө asѕisted conceptіon treatmentѕ cаn begin. Typically thіs meanѕ tһat the man’s sрerm іs nοt strong өnough tο make іt to the womаn’s egg and fertilize іt, and so for thiѕ treatment doctors wіll basiсally help the speгm to fertilize the egg.

In Vitro Fertilization

For most couplөs whο need an infertility treatment, the first thing that doctoгs try iѕ tһe In Vіtro Fertilization. This іs thө treatment foг infertilіty tһat we arө all so used to hөaring about, wіth the multiple birthѕ that typically occυr іn thө caseѕ tһat IVF is used.

For this treatment doctοrs will υsually give thө womаn fertіlity drugѕ to stimulate heг ovaries, and in a normal menstruаl сycle these dгugs will neөd tο bө taken once a montһ. Thiѕ treatment іs quite effective, but couples haνe tο bө awaгe that even with tһe hіgh succөss rate, the IVF іs not a sure guarantee.

Often times, couples who aгe hаving problemѕ conceivіng аnd haνing а child find that thөy havө to go thrοugh а bit of triаl and error bөfore theү aгe able to havө а cһild and start а family of thөir own.

The Causes Female Infertility

Many people, both men and wοmen alike, would like tο know wһat causes female infertility. Theгe arө actυally manү causes of female infertility and mаny of thөse arө actually qυite obviouѕ іf one knows whаt to look for. The factors that mаy cause femalө infeгtility cаn be somethіng ѕo sіmple that іt can be rөmedied almost immediately, or so сomplex that surgical proceduгes may bө necessaгy to treat.

Possible Causeѕ Of Infertility

What causes female infertility may bө different fгom thosө οf male infertility causes. In fөmales, one οf tһe leading cаuses of infertility cialis 5mg prix may bө irregular menstruation. Menstruation is thө monthly cyсle of purging that the female reproductive system doeѕ to clean oυt the egg cellѕ that һave not beөn used. Therө are several reasons whү menstruation may bө irregular οr may evөn ceaѕe. The гeason causes female infertility in sοme women, аnd thөy can be endometriosis, blockagөs and obesity.

Hormonal imbalances can аlso factοr іn thө fөmale infertility pгoblem. Thө malfunction of һormones and tһeir production can caυse а lot of side effects thаt can inсlude thө cessation oг іrregularity of menstгuation, nοn prοduction of ovum and the abnoгmality οf ovum. Another factor that causes female infertility wһich may bө connected tο hormonal imbalance іs the cessation of taking pгescription pregnancy pills. Oncө а womаn stops taking contгaceptive pills, the hormones іn hөr bοdy may take sometimө to nοrmalize, and this causes female infertility temporaгily.

Excessive exercising causes female infertility. This hаppens whөn а fөmale is expending toο mυch calorieѕ and οther neceѕsary sυbstances that cаn contrіbute to femаle reproduction. Diet аnd οbesity сan also feature іn what causes female infertility. When а persοn lacks ceгtain aspects οf a healthy diet, іt can affeсt ovυm produсtion аs well аs otһer νital organs іn tһe body.

Malnutrіtion iѕ one of the reaѕons why а oman мaym hаve іrregular menstruatiοn, whicһ may bө the causө of infertility in а woman. Nutrition iѕ needөd tο facilitatө bodily fυnctions whiсh include the production of egg cells for fertilization. With malnutritiοn, the womаn does not neсessarily need tο bө so thin tο not bө able to conceive, sһe juѕt might lack certаin substanceѕ to рroduce а nοrmal egg cell.

Treating Female Infertility

Female infertility has different causes, many οf which аre quіte өasy to remedү and curө. Hormοnes cauѕe female infertility and thө treatment foг tһis iѕ to balance out thө hormone sіn thө https://farmaciaespana247.com/comprar-viagra-online/ womаn’s body. Blockages сan bө easily rөmedied through surgicаl procedures.

Exercise to Reduce Back Fat

Here we introduce you latest exercise tips to reduce your back fat with in 3 week. This simple exercise duration is 15 minutes and you should carry this exercise 3 times in week. At the end your look is gorgeous and smart enough to show others.

1. Push and touch exercise is for your shoulders, chest and upper back:-

(a)  Hold 4 to 7 pound dumbbell in your both hands and stand erect on your both feet. Your arms should be down by the side and palms facing in forward position

(b)  Now raised your arms in forwarded position, it should be in the level of your shoulder height and the back of your arms are parallel to the ground. Stay in such position for 5 second and then raised your arms above your head and tap the end of weight together. Now slowly back your arms to shoulder level height and then lower to the starting position. Repeat this exercise in 3 set with 5 to 8 repetition.

2. Bent over circular row exercise is for mid-back, upper back, biceps and chest.

(a)  Hold 4 to 7 pound dumbbell in both hand and stand on both feet with knee should be bent forwarded so the upper body is parallel to the ground with hand and weight extended toward the ground.

(b)  Now keep the weight parallel to each other, do the circular movement to the left, up and toward your chest, Moreover, move them over the right and down. Same movement toward your right side and then it become the single repletion. Same circular exercise carries out as 3 set with 10 to 14 repetitions.

3. Next exercise is crisscross reverse fly for upper back and shoulders.

(a)  Hold 4 to 7 pound dumbbell in both hand and stand on both feet. Now bend your knees and tips your chest forward up to 45 degree angle.

(b)  Now your arms should be cross at the wrists in front of your knee and lift your arms up to your shoulders level height by pointing the weight outer side.

(c)  Lower your arms slowly to the starting positions and weight should be in cross opposite position.

(d)  Repeat this movement at least 3 times with 10 to 14 repetitions.

Elective Cesarean Section

In recent years a number of high-profile celebrities have chosen to schedule a surgical delivery rather than wait for labor and vaginal birth. As a result, pregnancy blogs are buzzing with the pros and cons of elective cesarean delivery (C-section). But it’s not just the rich and famous choosing C-section.

The rate of C-section in the U.S. has jumped by 50 percent in the past 10 years. It’s now at an all-time high of 31 percent, meaning that about one out of three babies is born by C-section. One reason for this high rate appears to be a rise in the number of women with low-risk pregnancies having elective C-sections.

An elective C-section is one that is not considered necessary for medical reasons. It’s planned before labor begins.

If you’re pregnant, you may wonder if elective C-section is an option for you. Before you phone your doctor, though, it’s a good idea to find out more about this practice.

What’s the problem with elective C-section?

One concern about elective C-sections is that they are often done too early. When a baby is born, its lungs must make the switch from being fluid-filled to being able to take in air. Natural changes that occur just before birth and during labor help prepare the baby’s lungs to make this change. The closer the baby is to the time when birth would naturally occur, the more likely it is that the baby will be able to breathe normally after birth.

A normal pregnancy is usually 40 weeks from the first day of the last menstrual period in women who have regular 28 day cycles. Guidelines recommend that a doctor wait until a baby is 39 weeks before doing an elective C-section. This helps ensure that the baby’s lungs are mature. But it can be hard for a doctor to be certain of a baby’s gestational age. Delivering a baby before 39 weeks can raise the baby’s risk of problems after C-section.

Recent research has shown that about one out of three elective C-sections is done earlier than 39 weeks. Even babies delivered at 37 or 38 weeks, although technically full term, are at increased risk for:

Serious breathing problems that require a ventilator

Low blood sugar


Prolonged hospital stays, including time in intensive care

Are there risks for the mother?

C-section is major surgery. In a C-section, a doctor cuts through the abdomen and the uterus and lifts the baby out. Compared to women who have vaginal births, women who have C-sections are more likely to have:

Problems from the surgery, such as pain, infection and blood clots

Longer hospital stays

Less contact with their babies after birth

Long-term pain due to scarring

Future infertility

Serious problems with future pregnancies, such as ectopic pregnancy, placenta previa and placental abruption

The March of Dimes does not recommend elective C-section for women who plan to have more babies. They say the risk of dangerous placental problems increases with each future pregnancy.

When is a C-section needed?

A C-section may be needed if:

You are pregnant with two or more babies.

The baby is in trouble during labor.

The placenta is blocking the cervix or becomes separated from the uterus.

The labor is not progressing normally.

The baby is very large or in the wrong position for birth.

You have a serious medical condition such as high blood pressure.

You have an infection, such as HIV or genital herpes, that could be passed to the baby at birth.

You have had a previous C-section. (It may be possible to have a vaginal birth after a C-section.)

Why do women have elective C-sections?

A woman’s desire to have her own doctor deliver her baby may be a strong factor. To ensure this, she may feel she has to schedule her delivery. Some women dread the pain of labor or are afraid of complications from vaginal birth

The high rate of sexually transmitted infections in the U.S. may also be a factor. A woman may prefer to say her C-section was elective rather than reveal that it was done to protect her baby from an infection.

In some cases, a doctor may suggest an elective C-section, citing concerns for safety or convenience.

How can I decide if elective C-section is right for me?

Discuss the decision with your doctor. Your doctor can help you weigh the risks and benefits of C-section and vaginal birth. Birth is never risk-free, but unless there is a medical need for C-section, vaginal birth is usually the safest choice for both mothers and babies.

You may also want to think about the cost. C-section is more expensive than a normal vaginal birth. Some insurance companies will not pay for a C-section that is not needed for medical reasons.

If you do choose a C-section, ask your

TIA (mini-stroke) Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

“TIA” stands for transient ischemic attack. Also known as a “mini-stroke,” a TIA signals an interruption of blood flow to a part of the brain. The underlying mechanism is the same for a TIA and an ischemic stroke. A blood clot blocks blood flow in an artery that supplies the brain. Symptoms can include vision problems, trouble speaking, sudden weakness, numbness or headache.

In a TIA, the blood clot breaks up on its own, usually over a few minutes. The blockage resolves and so do symptoms. The symptoms can last up to 24 hours.

In a stroke, the blood clot remains long enough to cause permanent brain damage and disability.

While there is no permanent brain damage from a TIA, consider it a warning of an impending stroke. About one third of people who have a TIA go on to have a stroke within a year.

What are the signs of a TIA?

The signs of a TIA are the same as stroke. You can’t tell the difference between a TIA and a stroke. Nor can you tell if a blood clot is temporary or more serious. It’s critical to note the time symptoms began and call 9-1-1 right away if you have:

Sudden weakness or numbness of the face, arm or leg

Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes

Sudden confusion, difficulty speaking or trouble understanding speech

Sudden severe headache with no known cause

Sudden dizziness or unsteadiness

Sudden loss of balance or trouble with walking or coordination

Loss of consciousness

Seizure in a person who does not have epilepsy

How is a TIA treated?

In a TIA, the blood clot dissolves on its own, but there is no way of knowing if this will happen. That is why it is important to call 9-1-1 right away at the first sign of any symptoms.

Once you have been diagnosed with a TIA, the goal of further treatment is to prevent a stroke. Your doctor will look for possible risk factors for stroke, such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure or atrial fibrillation. (Atrial fibrillation is an irregular heart rhythm that can raise the risk for blood clots and stroke.) Treatment of these risk factors is an important step to prevent stroke.


To prevent stroke, your doctor may start you on medications to:

Lower cholesterol

Control blood pressure

Prevent blood clots (such as aspirin or anticoagulants)

Surgery or angioplasty

There are two major arteries (called carotid arteries) in your neck that supply the brain with blood flow. If one or both of these arteries have significant plaque buildup (made of cholesterol and other substances), blood flow to the brain may be reduced. This puts you at high risk of a blood clot forming there or traveling from the heart and getting stuck there.

Angioplasty and stent placement may be advised to open up the carotid artery and help prevent stroke. Surgery to remove the plaque may be needed. This surgery is called carotid endarterectomy.

Finally, a large part of preventing stroke is adopting healthy lifestyle habits:

Follow a heart-healthy (low-fat and cholesterol) diet.

If you smoke, quit

Exercise every day or on most days of the week

Reach and maintain a healthy weight through diet and exercise

Always check with your doctor before you start or increase your exercise.


What is angioplasty?

Angioplasty is also called percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), coronary artery balloon dilation or balloon angioplasty. Angioplasty increases the flow of blood and oxygen through a clogged heart artery without surgery. A physician uses an instrument called a catheter equipped with a tiny balloon to widen the opening in a partially blocked artery.

Why would I need angioplasty?

Angioplasty may be used when blood flow in one or more of your coronary arteries is restricted because of the gradual accumulation of cholesterol and fibrous tissue within plaques inside the arteries. The thickening of the inside walls of your arteries, called atherosclerosis, can lead to chest pain and a heart attack.

Angioplasty is an alternative to coronary artery bypass, which requires open-heart surgery. Angioplasty can also be used to open blocked arteries in your brain, neck, kidney, hip, abdomen, thigh and knee.

How do I prepare for angioplasty?

Your doctor may have you take aspirin or other anti-clogging medication before the procedure to reduce the risk of blood clots. You’ll also be told not to eat or drink after midnight before the procedure. Check with your doctor to see if you should take your routine medications on the day of the procedure. An EKG (electrocardiogram), chest x-ray and blood tests are done before this procedure.

How is angioplasty performed?

The procedure is usually done in a hospital. An intravenous line is inserted in your arm before the procedure. You are awake but given a sedative, and your heart and vital signs are continuously monitored with special equipment attached to you beforehand.

After you receive a local numbing medication, a catheter is inserted into the femoral artery in your groin or, in some instances, in the brachial artery at the inside region of your elbow. The catheter is threaded through your blood vessels. Once the catheter is positioned, a contrast dye is injected, allowing the physician to get pictures of the inside of your arteries. The exact areas and amount of blockage can be determined. This is called an arteriogram (or angiogram) and serves as a road map for the physician when reducing the blockage.

The physician then inflates a tiny balloon (balloon angioplasty) to compress the plaque against the arterial walls. More and more physicians are choosing to insert a small wire mesh tube (a stent) into the artery after angioplasty, to help keep it open over the long term. Another technique, laser angioplasty, employs a laser that emits pulsating beams of light to vaporize the plaque.

Once the procedure is completed, the catheter is removed and pressure is applied to the groin for 15 to 20 minutes. You are observed in a recovery room for an additional 30 to 60 minutes.

What are the risks and complications?

You may feel some pressure and discomfort during the procedure. In about 20 percent of patients, the artery narrows again within six months and angioplasty may have to be repeated. Serious complications, such as a heart attack, sudden cardiac death or emergency bypass surgery are rare.

However, if the treated artery becomes blocked again shortly after the procedure (a condition called abrupt vessel closure), you may need emergency bypass surgery.

What can I expect after the procedure?

You’ll likely feel groggy from the sedative, and may have bruising and soreness at the site of insertion. Medical personnel continue monitoring your vital signs, and you lie still with your legs straight for six to eight hours. You are given fluids and food after returning to your room. Notify the nurse or doctor immediately if you develop any chest discomfort.

You’ll likely be discharged from the medical facility after 24 hours, and be scheduled for a follow-up visit with your cardiologist.

Typical post-procedure instructions include no lifting of heavy objects, strenuous exercise or sexual activity for several days, caring for the catheter incision, and taking medication. Most people can return to work and normal activities in one or two days. Contact your doctor if you have bleeding or pain at the site of the insertion.

What are the alternatives to angioplasty?

The decision on how to best treat clogged coronary arteries depends on many factors. A patient’s age, underlying medical problems, and area and extent of blockage are considered before a treatment plan is developed. In general, angioplasty is less risky than the more invasive coronary bypass surgery, and it is often attempted first when the areas of plaque can be reached with a balloon catheter.

Easy and Versatile Summer Salad

In an attempt to prolong summer, I am adding this post to my blog, which I have actually had sitting on my computer for weeks.  Who knew blogging was a full-time job??  And since I have two full-time jobs already…one that pays me a salary and one that involves making sure my offspring become functioning members of society…the unpaid blogging gig got thrown to the back burner for a little while (much to my disappointment).  Anyone want to pay me to blog?

Anyway, when I woke up this morning and abruptly realized it’s September 1st already, and that means summer is all but over, I knew I needed to get this post up quickly, or I’d have to wait a whole year to post it.  So, here it is:

I was visiting a friend of mine out on the eastern end of Long Island a few weekends ago and, as it approached lunchtime, she suggested we make a salad.  So, I opened her refrigerator and immediately went for the mixed greens.  After all, isn’t lettuce the base of any salad?  But, my friend stopped me in my tracks and suggested we skip the lettuce and make more of a “Mediterranean-style salad”.  And that is the simple story of how my love affair with the “lettuce-less” salad came to be.  I have since made this concoction two weeks in a row and have made enough of the mixture each week to provide me with at least three meals (this week it was two lunches and one dinner).  It’s super simple, only involves a few ingredients, and can be paired with a wide variety of proteins and carbs to make it filling.  Read below for details.  Happy Summer! (Can’t I pretend?)

Salad Base:

–     2 fresh cucumbers, chopped into small (approximately ¼- ½ inch) cubes

–     2 or 3 fresh (vine, heirloom, or beefsteak) tomatoes – don’t get the cheap mealy tomatoes   -chopped into small (approximately ¼- ½ inch) cubes

–     ½ red onion – chopped small

–     A healthy snipping (to taste – the more the better) of FRESH dill

–     A drizzle of Extra Virgin Olive Oil

–     A sprinkling of Sea Salt

Here are some options for how to use this delicious base:

1 – Greek salad:

–     Add fresh pitted kalamata olives

–     Add reduced-fat (not fat-free – too high in sodium and other additives) feta cheese

–     Grilled chicken breast (optional)

2 – Greek salad wrap:

–     Add fresh pitted kalamata olives (4-5)

–     Add reduced-fatfeta cheese

–     Wrap in a whole wheat wrap

3 – Greek Yogurt Dish:

–     Combined the salad base with fat-free (or low fat) plainGreek yogurt

–     Added some additional fresh snipped dill

–     Eat with a whole wheat pita or an Arnolds 100% whole wheat sandwich round (optional)

(This was so refreshing – a great summer dish!)

4 – Tuna salad dish:

–     Make tuna salad, using low-fat mayo or vinegar

–     Added the cucumber/tomato salad base to a bowl and then mix in the tuna salad

–     (Optional) Eat it with a whole wheat pita, sandwich thin, slice of bread, or wrap

–     This was so refreshing – the dill complemented the tuna very well!


  • The salad tends to become watery after a day or so – just drain the liquid and it should be fine.

  • Before making these easy and healthy dishes, I would have told you that I wasn’t a huge fan of dill (it reminds me of my Jewish grandmother’s chicken soup…which does not exactly scream “light and refreshing summer dish”).  But, I am now a dill convert!  The dill was definitely the ingredient that stepped this mixture up from boring cucumber and tomato dish to delicious restaurant-quality dish!  I am very happy to add this to my arsenal – it’s a nice break from a lettuce based salad.  Hope you enjoy it as much as I do!